A barber is one of the oldest careers throughout history. In very early history, a barber was also a medicine man or a priest, someone who held high authority. Ancient Egyptian monuments show how important their image meant to them, providing images of their hair being cut and groomed. There is even evidence of sharp stone used as razors found in the tombs of Egypt. In Ancient Greece, men wore their hair wavy and began to grow beards which were trimmed, curled and combed. Social rank showed in the way one wore their hair in Ancient Rome. Private barbers and hairdressers served those in the higher class. At the fall of the Roman Empire, barbers began performing bloodletting surgeries since they were already familiar with dental extractions and minor surgeries. Thus came the barber pole. It is said the white stripe represents bandages, the red stripe represents blood, and the blue stripe represents the veins. Over time barber-surgeon guilds and organizations were formed. In 1745, barber-surgeons were separated by the decision of King George II of Great Britain which restricted barbers to only performing hair care tasks.
In America in 1886, the Barbers’ Protective Union was formed in Columbus, Ohio, followed by several other formations of unions and associations. The first barber school was established in 1893 by A.B. Moler in Chicago. Minnesota was the first to pass legislation for a barber license in 1897, followed by many other states. With the growth of technology, barbers are now performing better quality haircuts with the highest degree of client protection.